Have you ever seen the blockbuster movie Gone in 60 Seconds, in which high-end motors were stolen in a matter of seconds? Whilst most of the car-boosting techniques were a little far-fetched, rapid and sophisticated car theft is fast becoming a concerning reality.
A quick history of car theft
A lack of anti-theft security made it very simple to start and drive a car without a key. Illegal methods known as hotwiring could see a brand new car stolen with very little effort.
Insurance companies began demanding improved security measures, and in an attempt to reduce car theft an EU law was passed in 1998, demanding all new cars be factory-fitted with an immobiliser.
Cars now fitted with approved immobilisers are much more difficult to start without a correctly programmed key and thieves have been turning to new methods for stealing cars.
High-tech car theft
Well, the short answer is thieves are making their own keys – in seconds! Using highly sophisticated technology that plugs into the OBD (On Board Diagnostic) system thieves are able to program a brand new key and start the car.
This is a really big problem with BMW cars in particular, and hundreds have been stolen using this technique.
The laptop-based key programming equipment was originally produced for garages and mobile locksmiths to produce replacement car keys when car owners lose all their keys.
Another standalone tool exists that simply plugs into the OBD port and codes a key at the push of a button in a matter of seconds. Unfortunately, these tools have ended up in the wrong hands and are being used to unlawfully take high-end cars.
There have even been reports of cars being stolen without the use of this high-tech equipment. How can this be happening?
For the majority of car manufacturers should you lose your car keys a replacement key would need programming to your car, but this is not the case with some BMW and Mercedes-Benz vehicles. When the car is first produced, a total of 10 keys are programmed and held at the factory as replacements in case the keys are lost. These keys are ready-programmed to start the car.
Thieves are very aware of this and have been going to great lengths to fake identification and walk into car dealers and order themselves a key to the car of their dreams.
The thieves hide out of sight and press a button on their cloning machine at the same time the car owner pushes the key lock button. The signal is then copied and allows the thieves to unlock and start the car without any sign of break-in.
What can be done to prevent your car from being stolen?
BMW is now aware of the problem of “key cloning” and has been working on a software update solution for the cars affected. A free software upgrade is being offered by BMW to prevent the key cloning and secure the vehicles.
To ensure your car is as secure as possible follow this sound advice:
- Be careful what you do with your keys and who you give them to. Keys can easily be cloned and copied – do you fully trust that parking attendant?
- If possible, park your car out of sight in a locked garage with CCTV
- When you lock your car with the remote key pull the handle to ensure it has actually locked. Thieves are using tools that block you remote and leave the car unlocked so this is really important.
- Never leave your keys near the front door or on the stairs, they can easily be hooked through the letterbox.
- Smart proximity keys are programmed through the OBD port, think about moving the port to a hidden place.
It would seem strange that it took longer to pinch a car in 1990 than it does today. How secure really is all this new anti-car theft technology?